All About Needles has numerous educational files available to help answer your needle questions. Some of the same material is available as a downloadable PDF file that, when printed out, makes a great reference tool. These are offered at the bottom of this page.

Please note: All material is copyrighted and can only be reproduced with the consent of


SCHMETZ Double Needle

Information on how to use two different threads for shading and texturing effects for embroidery and topstitching.

needle-vert-sm Dictionary

Brief definitions of some of the nomenclature used when talking about sewing machine needles.

gold_needle How to Properly Open the Plastic Needle Container

Opening a package of SCHMETZ needles is actually a fairly simple procedure, once you know the physics behind the little plastic container.

word-search-sm Let’s Sew with SCHMETZ Answers
Answer key for the kids Let’s Sew with SCHMETZ Trifold Brochure (D-89). 
needle-eye-sm Needle Guide

A brief description of some of the specialty needles available along with a Singer MR Needle Conversion chart.

krems-machine-sm Needle History

A short history of the sewing machine needle, from its humble beginnings to the present day.

questionmark1a Needle Troubleshooting Guide

Causes and solutions for everyday needle problems.

household SCHMETZ Household Needle Chart

An online visual aid in choosing the proper needle.

house-overlock-sm SCHMETZ Household Overlock Needles

A simplified look at household overlock sewing machine needle systems.

needle-primer-sm SCHMETZ Needle Primer

Find out how little you actually know about your sewing machine needles. This is a must read for those interested in understanding the nuances of the sewing machine needle.

sulky_thread1 Thread Sizing Guide

What do all those numbers mean?

  DOWNLOADABLE PDF files (great reference tools!):

domestic-history-sm Domestic Sewing Machine Needles PDF

A historic reference and guide in helping the user pick the proper household needle.

needle-eyes-sm Needle Eyes PDF

A diagram comparing the eyes of Universal, Embroidery and Metallic needles.

needles-for-house-ovlk-sm Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 1 PDF

What needles does my overlock use?

needles-for-house-ovlk-2-sm Needles for Household Overlock Machines Part 2 PDF

A simplified look at household overlock sewing machine needle systems.

needle-life-sm Needle Life PDF

How long will my needle last?

SCHMETZ Revised Needle Chart SCHMETZ Needle Guide PDF

A nifty two-page reference detailing the types and uses of the different needles. (Updated January 2014)

thread-size-guide-sm Thread Sizing Guide PDF

What do all those numbers mean?

needle-size-desig-sm Needle Size Designations PDF

A comparison table showing the different needle sizes. The needle size as a ‘Number metric’ gives the diameter of the needle blade in hundredths of a millimeter measured above the scarf or the short groove, but not at any reinforced part of the blade. A sewing machine needle with a blade diameter of 0.80mm therefore corresponds to NM 80, and a needle with a blade diameter of 1.30mm to NM 130.

SCHMETZ ABC Pocket Guide, New Color SCHMETZ ABC Pocket Guide PDF

An electronic version of the popular SCHMETZ ABC Pocket Guide. This 36-page booklet of household sewing machine needles includes fabric reference guide, needle anatomy, etc. It also includes the new color code chart. (Updated January 2020)

quick-thread-sm SCHMETZ Quick Threading Needle PDF

When should this needle be used? What are its limitations?